One the city’s main initiatives is the Better Buildings Challenge, a project to cut energy and water use from buildings by 20 percent. City-owned buildings, schools and dozens of commercial buildings are participating, including some of the city’s biggest skyscrapers.
Atlanta is also adding electric vehicles to its fleet and plans to get solar panels for some of its buildings. It’s reduced energy use at one of its water treatment facilities by nearly half.
And Mayor Kasim Reed pledged to stick with the Paris climate agreement in June, after President Donald Trump decided to pull the U.S. out of the international effort to cut emissions.
“It matters a lot what a city like Atlanta chooses to do,” said Jennifer Layke, global director of the energy program at the Washington, D.C.-based World Resources Institute. “The commitments that are being made are really important, I think, to signal there remains leadership in the United States toward the goals we all set in Paris.”
Atlanta City Council has set another big goal: to have all city operations using 100 percent clean energy by 2025, and the whole city by 2035. So no more electricity from coal or natural gas.
“It’s a great slogan, and you can put it in a tweet, but actually getting there is going to take commitment from every resident in Atlanta,” said Stephanie Stuckey, chief resilience officer for the city of Atlanta.
The biggest way to work toward that clean energy goal, said Stuckey, is not some exciting new technology. It’s energy efficiency.
“By reducing how much energy we consume on the front end, we’ll get a long way there,” she said. “It’s wonky, but it’s really important.”
The other ways to get there — that do rely on technology — will get easier, said Jennette Gayer, director of Environment Georgia, a group that supports Atlanta’s effort.
“What we’re seeing is the cost of solar is dropping, the cost of storage is dropping,” she said. “All of the things that will drive this goal are becoming easier and cheaper, and I think that trend will continue.”
One other challenge is bureaucratic. Layke said this can’t be a backburner project. City Council and the new mayor will have to focus on getting different parts of city government to work together on the goal — including agencies that may not have had to collaborate in the past.
“It’s an institutional challenge, not as much a technology challenge,” she said.