Black-Owned Vegan Eateries Are Spicing Up Southern Cuisine
The doors opened at 4 p.m., but the line formed an hour earlier at this restaurant in southwest Atlanta, minutes from the historically black Clark Atlanta University.
No one seemed to mind the wait.
“I’m excited,” one woman told another.
“I heard people are out here until 1 a.m. in the morning,” another said.
At first the crowd, young but with a smattering of families and middle-aged women, fiddled with their phones, which is how they likely first learned about this place on Instagram.
They might have seen Usher or Biz Markie biting into burger or holding up a takeout bag like a trophy.
Soon the phones were down and everyone was seduced by real life. The windows were open. The hip-hop pumping. The staff was waving their hands, calling the first timers “virgins” and repeat customers “sluts.” It smelled like meat was on the grill except that’s off limits here.
This was Slutty Vegan. Nothing from an animal comes out of this kitchen.
“I didn’t expect the business to be as popular as it was when we opened the doors,” said Aisha “Pinky” Cole, who launched Slutty Vegan a year ago. “Opening the doors really brought more life to this community.”
— Slutty Vegan ATL (@SluttyVeganATL) February 6, 2020
Cole’s restaurant is a phenomenon, with its 297,000 Instagram followers, two more Atlanta locations planned and a food truck that people chase like sweaty kids on summer break hunting the ice cream man. This burger joint, though, is just the most buzzed about example of a new wave of vegan restaurants across the South.
They serve big flavors. They have style. And they’re black owned.
As the trend of vegan restaurants gains momentum, it’s calling attention to the various reasons people choose vegan lifestyles. Even with Southern palates acclimated to the fried and smothered, skeptics are embracing new meatless but mouthwatering dishes.
The success of Slutty Vegan, where the loaded burgers with Impossible Foods patties have names like One Night Stand, Fussy Hussy or the Sloppy Toppy, may have been sudden, but it didn’t come easy.
Cole was born in Baltimore to immigrants from Jamaica. On the day she was born, her father was sent to federal prison. He served 20 years before he was deported back to Jamaica.
“I grew up in a house with a single mother who worked four jobs. My father was in prison. I was supposed to be a statistic. You hear what I’m saying to you?” said Cole, who leans in and chops the air with her hands when she makes a point.
Now Cole, 31 years old, runs a business with 36 employees.
She used to produce television shows, which explains why her social media skills are so slick.
But what makes everyone talk about the burgers at Slutty Vegan are the big flavors. Cole, who has eaten vegan for years, was quick to point out that Atlanta had long had vegan restaurants, many of them black-owned. But Slutty Vegan, she said, was different.
Cole guessed that only “3%” of her customers were vegan and, at least in the beginning, nearly all of them were black. The burgers are spilling over with toppings like vegan bacon, vegan cheese, vegan shrimp, jalapeños, guacamole, caramelized onions and “slutty sauce.”
“The reality of it is that before Slutty Vegan veganism wasn’t a thing where black people said, ‘I want vegan food.’ Our palates are so dynamic, right? We love flavor, and I’m just talking true,” Cole said.
At Southern V in Nashville, Tiffany Hancock took her mom’s and grandmother’s traditional recipes and “veganized” them. The menu at the North Nashville restaurant, which she runs with her husband, Clifton, includes turnip greens, baked beans, Nashville-style hot fried “chick’n” and barbecue jackfruit sandwiches. The business started as a farmers market vendor selling vegan doughnuts, then graduated to a take-out operation before becoming a full restaurant in April 2018.
When Hancock first went vegan five years ago, it was hard to find ingredients, much less restaurants, in Nashville. And the places that catered to vegans at the time weren’t talking to her and her family.
“We’re not saying that there weren’t people who were African American or black who had that lifestyle, it just wasn’t really marketed that way,” Clifton Hancock said. “Typically when you think of veganism, or even vegetarianism, it’s normally in more upper-class, affluent areas with like a Whole Foods or a Trader Joe’s.”
The Hancocks made sure the menu at Southern V was familiar to Southern eaters, because they knew these were the flavors so many of their customers grew up eating. They also realized from the start that they needed to lure in diners who still ate meat.
“We knew that the vegan community could not support us and keep us open,” Tiffany Hancock said. “We have to be able to service those who are not vegan, because those are the people who are going to keep our doors open.”
Dymetra Pernell, who turned a recipe for vegan ice cream into a thriving retail and wholesale business, understands that lesson. The Atlanta-based chef’s First Batch Artisan Foods also sells weekly meals to-go at a pop-up in a record shop.
“I think this catapulted a lot of black-owned businesses, because we understand the culture. We understand what we like to eat,” Pernell said. “And we also understand that if it doesn’t taste like mama made it or grandma made it, they’re probably not going to eat it.”
All the restaurant owners said they see more black customers, many who still eat meat, getting excited about vegan food. Sonya Brown-Tillison, who opened NOLA Vegan this summer in New Orleans, gives celebrities some of the credit.
“A lot of artists are pushing veganism now. You get people like Beyonce talking about eating healthy and the benefits of a vegan diet,” Brown-Tillison said. “You hear the conversation now about our ancestors eating seeds and grains. People are talking about how we can live longer.”
Living longer and living better, is the main reason the Southern restaurateurs said their black customers give for eating vegan, even if they don’t embrace the diet at every meal.
“It’s not cool to be unhealthy anymore,” she said. “People are dying from preventable diseases.”
Rates of diabetes and high blood pressure in the United States are higher for African Americans than whites, according to data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Both can be managed with lifestyle changes, said Molly Kimball, registered dietitian with Ochsner Fitness Center in New Orleans.
Kimball cautions, though, that a vegan diet is not necessarily a healthier diet. Vegan food can still be high in salt, sugar and refined carbohydrates.
“When you look at the type of vegan diet, is it heavy in plants? Not all vegan diets are. I mean, you can have Doritos, Oreos and Skittles and they’re vegan,” Kimball said.
Even if vegan restaurants don’t always serve the healthiest options, Kimball still believes they can help people eat better.
“When we go to a restaurant and there’s any level of wellness conversation going on, I think that’s an accomplishment,” she said.
Cole from Slutty Vegan will admit her loaded, dripping, messy burgers might not be the healthiest choice.
“Realistically, should you eat Slutty Vegan every day?” she said. “I say you shouldn’t eat anything every single day. I’m just being honest.”